woman holding a green apple

Gum or periodontal disease affects most adults over 30 and is detrimental to oral and overall health. Periodontitis is an infection of the gum tissue that can cause tissue breakdown and bone loss, resulting in lost teeth. Gum disease also increases your risk for serious cardiovascular conditions, type 2 diabetes and other health problems. Prevention is critical for gum disease as well as early treatment at the first signs of gum infection. Here are some of the key ways to prevent gum disease and stop infections in the gum tissue.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a bacterial infection that infiltrates the gum tissue. Poor oral hygiene is the biggest contributor to periodontal disease – if bacteria and food debris are not removed daily, they can cause plaque buildup and tartar formation that harbor bacteria. Other risk factors for gum disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications/drugs, aging and immune-compromised health conditions.

Gum disease is a progressive disease that occurs over many years. The first signs of gingivitis or gum disease include:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Receding gum tissue
  • Swollen, red gums
  • Bad breath
  • Tenderness in the gums

The gum tissue becomes inflamed, which causes it to retreat away from the roots of teeth. Over time, the ligaments and tissue around the teeth disintegrate, and bone loss can occur. Gum disease is the most common reason for tooth loss once the bone and ligaments that hold the tooth in place are damaged.

Best Ways to Prevent Gum Disease

While not all cases of gum disease are preventable, there are ways to reduce your risk. Genetics and health conditions can contribute to periodontitis, but lifestyle choices usually have the biggest impact. To reduce your risk of gum disease, consider the following changes:

  • Brush at least twice a day
  • Floss at least once a day
  • Dental cleanings by a hygienist at least twice a year
  • Stop smoking or using tobacco products
  • Limit alcohol and marijuana use
  • Lose weight

At Neville Dental Studio, we work with each patient to devise an oral wellness plan to keep their teeth and gums healthy. If you have a family history of gum disease or have symptoms of gingivitis, come visit us for a checkup and cleaning. We can discuss gum disease prevention and gingivitis treatment to keep your smile healthy. Call our Scottsville, Bowling Green or Horse Cave, KY, dental center to make your appointment.

Posted on behalf of Neville Dental Studio

Skip footer

Contact Us

Neville Dental Studio


155 Olde Towne Blvd
Bowling Green KY 42103


(270) 812-3300

Opening Hours

Mon – Thurs: 7am – 4pm
Fri: 7am – 12pm
Sat – Sun: Closed
Map & Directions

Neville Family Dentistry


311 S Dixie St
Horse Cave KY 42749


(270) 232-2206

Opening Hours

Mon-Thu: 8:30 AM – 5PM
Fri: 8:30 AM – 12PM
Map & Directions

Neville Dental Studio at Scottsville


306 North Court Street
Scottsville KY 42164


(270) 588-8901

Opening Hours

Mon – Thurs: 8am – 5pm
Fri – Sun: Closed
Map & Directions